Unit Testing

Unit testing is easy with NGXS. To perform a unit test we just dispatch the events, listen to the changes and perform our expectation. A basic test looks like this:

import { async, TestBed } from '@angular/core/testing';
describe('Zoo', () => {
let store: Store;
beforeEach(async(() => {
TestBed.configureTestingModule({
imports: [NgxsModule.forRoot([ZooState])],
}).compileComponents();
store = TestBed.get(Store);
}));
it('it toggles feed', async(() => {
store.dispatch(new FeedAnimals());
store.selectOnce(state => state.zoo.feed).subscribe(feed => {
expect(feed).toBe(true);
});
}));
});

You might notice the use of selectOnce rather than just select, this is a shortcut method that allows us to only listen for one emit which is typically what we want for unit testing.

Prepping State

Often times in your app you want to test what happens when the state is C and you dispatch action X. You can use the store.reset(MyNewState) to prepare the state for your next operation.

// zoo.state.spec.ts
import { TestBed, async } from '@angular/core/testing';
export const SOME_DESIRED_STATE = {
animals: ['Panda'],
};
describe('Zoo', () => {
let store: Store;
beforeEach(async(() => {
TestBed.configureTestingModule({
imports: [NgxsModule.forRoot([ZooState])],
}).compileComponents();
store = TestBed.get(Store);
store.reset(SOME_DESIRED_STATE);
}));
it('it toggles feed', async(() => {
store.dispatch(new FeedAnimals());
store.selectOnce(state => state.zoo.feed).subscribe(feed => {
expect(feed).toBe(true);
});
}));
});

Testing Selectors

Selectors are just plain functions that accept the state as the argument so its really easy to test them. A simple test might look like this:

import { TestBed } from '@angular/core/testing';
describe('Zoo', () => {
it('it should select pandas', () => {
expect(
Zoo.pandas(['pandas', 'zebras'])
).toBe(['pandas']);
});
});

In your application you may have selectors created dynamically using the createSelector function:

export class ZooSelectors {
static animalNames = (type: string) => {
return createSelector([ZooState], (state: ZooStateModel) => {
return state.animals
.filter((animal) => animal.type === type )
.map((animal => animal.name ));
});
}
}

Testing these selectors is really an easy task. You just need to mock the state and pass it as parameter to our selector:

it('should select requested animal names from state', () => {
const zooState = {
animals: [
{ type: 'zebra', name: 'Andy'},
{ type: 'panda', name: 'Betty'},
{ type: 'zebra', name: 'Crystal'},
{ type: 'panda', name: 'Donny'},
]
};
const value = ZooSelectors.animalNames('zebra')(zooState);
expect(value).toEqual(['Andy', 'Crystal']);
});